Day 21

Biomimicry

PARTNERS

Guayaki
The Story of Stuff Project

OVERVIEW

“Those who are inspired by a model other than Nature labor in vain.” – Leonardo da Vinci, painter, draughtsman, engineer, scientist, theorist, sculptor and architect

Finding sustainable solutions for a balanced ecosystem by empowering people to learn and apply nature-inspired design strategies is the philosophy that lies at the heart of biomimicry. This approach is absolutely critical in effecting systemic change!

Biomimicry design thinking is a process used by innovators across many fields to identify challenges and develop solutions in a creative, relevant, truly sustainable way — based on nature. The typical process consists of five stages:

– Define the intended impact of your design
– Biologize by analyzing and reframing your solutions in biological terms, so you can “ask nature” for advice
Discover existing organisms that perform the sought-after function
Draft abstract by restating design strategies in non-biological terms, looking for patterns
– Evaluate the design concepts for how well they meet the challenge and fit into Earth’s systems

Biomimicry moves away from an industry-informed perspective (i.e. what has been manufactured before) to a nature-informed perspective, studying and copying how nature has solved problems to take full advantage of 3.8 billion years of ‘R&D’ and natural selection. Creative problem-solving tools are invaluable in the face of the climate crisis, as we must look towards the age-old design of nature itself to learn how to adapt to and mitigate devastating impacts.

Many inventions we take for granted today are a product of biomimicry. For example, Velcro was invented by George de Mestral in the 1940s when he examined the way burrs attached to his clothing and dog’s fur with a unique hook design. We study the golden orb-weaver spider for its unbelievable ability to produce silk that is five times stronger than steel, a naturally-derived arachnoid material much tougher than the Kevlar in bulletproof vests and able to absorb five times the impact without breaking or the need for high pressures, heat or corrosive acids.

And when you set out with a mission, you need gear with a mission too. Peak Design plans, accounts and takes responsibility for a product’s entire lifecycle, from a banned substances list to low-water low-footprint dying processes, recycled textiles, metals, papers, plastics and other materials to refurbishment and lifetime guarantees. The environmental priorities are a natural outgrowth of its mission, policies and advocacy to improve the lives of employees, contractors, customers, and people the planet over.

Surrounding ourselves with nature reduces stress and increases creativity, allowing us to operate at our highest potential. The more we incorporate nature into our constructed places — even through simple green building design shifts to increase daylight or views of the outdoors — the stronger our connection is to the environment, incentivizing its protection and restoration. It becomes a co-beneficial cycle! 

Janine Benyus sums it up well in her book Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature: “After 3.8 billion years of research and development, failures are fossils, and what surrounds us is the secret to survival… In that time, life has learned to fly, circumnavigate the globe, live in the depths of the ocean and atop the highest peaks, craft miracle materials, light up the night, lasso the sun’s energy, and build a self-reflective brain… all without guzzling fossil fuel, polluting the planet, or mortgaging the future. What better models could there be?”

CHALLENGE

Green

20 POINTS

THINK

As human beings, we are innately tied to the natural world. Our fast-paced, tech-focused society can cause us to separate from the ecosystems that surround us, but we are innately drawn to nature, our greatest teacher. Whether we deliberately imitate nature’s best strategies or are simply influenced by our surroundings, what we build often mimics biology. Biomimicry is all around us!

 

CHALLENGE

Look around your neighborhood, home and community, either in person or via Google Earth Street View. Where do you see biomimicry in action? Ask yourself why things are shaped, colored or placed as they are. What fixtures of society stem from biomimicry? Here are examples of integrated biomimicry from our partners at the Biomimicry Institute.

Take two photos of biomimicry in action and write a caption explaining each. Post both on Instagram and tag @TurningGreenOrg and @BiomimicryInstitute with #PGC2021 and #BiomimicryChallenge.

 

DELIVERABLES

Upload a PDF Document with your two photos, caption for each, and a screenshot of your social media post. Include your name (or team name), username, and school.

Submission Guidelines

  • Submit all entries as PDFs; no Word or Pages documents
  • Be sure to include all content for your submission in one document
  • Save filenames using the following format: firstname_lastname_challengeday_challengelevel_year.pdf (ex: kasie_shils_day1_green_2021.pdf)
  • Do not include # or spaces in filenames
  • Do not upload a file larger than 5 MB
  • You will see a confirmation in green that your submission uploaded correctly; if you do not see this confirmation, please try again
  • If your total points does not change, your submission did not load correctly, please try again
  • Send any questions to info@turninggreen.org
  • Don’t forget to post about the challenge and your learnings/doings on social media and tag us on Instagram @TurningGreenOrg, Facebook @Turning Green, Twitter @TurningGreenOrg, and use #PGC2021
The deadline for entering this challenge has past.

Greener

40 POINTS

THINK

Nature has designed complex structures for efficiency. Plants, animals and other organisms are alive today because of adaptation, mutation and shifts. Pay attention to their teachings!

“If the history of life on Earth were put to a 24‑hour clock, humans would have been here shaping the world for mere seconds. As latecomers, it’s time to begin asking the rest of our complex planetary family how to build a more resilient, regenerative, and beautiful world.” — Ask Nature

 

CHALLENGE

Time to get inspired! Explore the Biomimicry Institute AskNature online library of over 1,800 natural phenomena and bio-inspired applications. Explore the Inspired Ideas, Biological Strategies and Collections tabs at the bottom of the page.

Select one design or biological mechanism that is particularly interesting. Write a reflection (~300 words) on why this strategy or system that mimics nature inspires you, as well as other thoughts on biomimicry as a concept.

  • Which aspects of the strategy or system are most compelling?
  • How has your perspective of nature changed? 
  • How can these systems from biomimicry be applied to your own life, campus or community?

 

DELIVERABLES

Upload a PDF Document with your reflection answering the questions above. Include your name (or team name), username, and school.

Submission Guidelines

  • Submit all entries as PDFs; no Word or Pages documents
  • Be sure to include all content for your submission in one document
  • Save filenames using the following format: firstname_lastname_challengeday_challengelevel_year.pdf (ex: kasie_shils_day1_greener_2021.pdf)
  • Do not include # or spaces in filenames
  • Do not upload a file larger than 5 MB
  • You will see a confirmation in green that your submission uploaded correctly; if you do not see this confirmation, please try again
  • If your total points does not change, your submission did not load correctly, please try again
  • Send any questions to info@turninggreen.org
  • Don’t forget to post about the challenge and your learnings/doings on social media and tag us on Instagram @TurningGreenOrg, Facebook @Turning Green, Twitter @TurningGreenOrg, and use #PGC2021
The deadline for entering this challenge has past.

Greenest

60 POINTS

THINK

“In nature, nothing is perfect and yet everything is perfect. Trees can be contorted, bent in weird ways, and they’re still beautiful.” – Alice Walker

Today, you have an opportunity to see, hear, feel and experience how the natural world is moving around you, and apply it to a real-world context. Will you lean in?

Reconnection with nature is where biomimicry begins. Biomimicry Institute defines (re)connection as a practice that reminds us to observe and spend time in nature to understand how life works and encourages innovators to think about how a personal connection to nature informs work. As youth climate activists, we believe empathy is essential for understanding and solving environmental problems, yet modern society has lost much empathy for living creatures and our Earth.

 

CHALLENGE

Immerse yourself in nature to listen and learn. We invite you to spend 20 or 30 minutes in a nearby park, trail hike, or virtual nature walk or national park tour. Find a place where you feel connected to the biological world.

Bring a notepad and settle into a comfortable position. Observe the natural systems, designs, and interactions around you, writing down what compels, interests, or connects with you.

What is one system or structure you observed that could be recreated into an object for human use? Using the design process outlined in today’s infographic, create a schematic for a product or device based on something you saw during your time in nature. In 2 to 3 sentences, explain what it will do and its natural inspirations.

Post your schematic on Instagram with the accompanying caption. Be sure to tag @TurningGreenOrg and @BiomimicryInstitute, as well as #PGC2021.

 

DELIVERABLES

Upload a PDF Document with your reflections, design schematic, multi-sentence caption, and screenshot of your social media post. Include your name (or team name), username, and school.

Submission Guidelines

  • Submit all entries as PDFs; no Word or Pages documents
  • Be sure to include all content for your submission in one document
  • Save filenames using the following format: firstname_lastname_challengeday_challengelevel_year.pdf (ex: kasie_shils_day1_greenest_2021.pdf)
  • Do not include # or spaces in filenames
  • Do not upload a file larger than 5 MB
  • You will see a confirmation in green that your submission uploaded correctly; if you do not see this confirmation, please try again
  • If your total points does not change, your submission did not load correctly, please try again
  • Send any questions to info@turninggreen.org
  • Don’t forget to post about the challenge and your learnings/doings on social media and tag us on Instagram @TurningGreenOrg, Facebook @Turning Green, Twitter @TurningGreenOrg, and use #PGC2021
The deadline for entering this challenge has past.

TODAY’S PRIZES

Up to 10 Greener and 10 Greenest outstanding submissions will be selected as winners.

Each Greener winner will receive:

  • A sling bag from Peak Design to carry your everyday essentials. Products are designed to solve problems, create delight, look good, resist fads, appeal globally, age gracefully, consider every material and detail, and have minimal disruptive impact on people and planet. Peak Design is a certified B Corporation that donates 1% to environmental non-profits.
  • A copy of “The Reindeer Chronicles” by Judith D. Schwartz from Chelsea Green Publishing, recognized as a leading publisher of books on the politics and practice of sustainable living.

Each Greenest winner will receive:

  • Peak Design Wash Pouch to carry your everyday essentials. Products are designed to solve problems, create delight, look good, resist fads, appeal globally, age gracefully, consider every material and detail, and have minimal disruptive impact on people and planet. Peak Design is a certified B Corporation that donates 1% to environmental non-profits.
  • Coyuchi Organic Cotton Towel & Wash Cloth. Each pattern, texture, and color in their collection celebrates the craftsmanship behind every fiber—from farming and weaving to the finished product.
  • Organic Cotton Hamper from Grove Collaborative. Grove believes in world where all choices are sustainable choices and one should never have to compromise between a clean home and a clean planet.